- Parent Category: DU Main
- Category: News and Events
- Published on 08 October 2017
It is a plain fact that education is the sole and unshakable instrument of bringing any intended change. If any change is thought to be initiated and put in place; it has to starts and ends, and come and goes in line with the science of schooling. Otherwise, it ether would not bring any change or else, it brings a positive progress, but, unsustainable.
Particularly, higher education institutions are the engine of any effort of development and social transformation. As they are the center of knowledge production and its dissemination, they determine the level of societal, political, cultural and technological progress. Understanding this verity, for the last ten years Ethiopian government has been intensively working on the expansion of Higher education institutions by allotting more than 40 percent of the total budget to the sector. Consequently, right now there are 36 Universities already in operation (carrying out teaching and learning activities), and 11 new Universities in construction, with the capacity to hold Over 500,000 Students, and 29,000 teachers.
Notwithstanding with the success achieved in expanding the sector, different observations and scientific results have shown that the expansion on progress is in the expense of quality. This has happened due to the fact that these institutions have been challenged by different factors, like;Poor Teacher Competence and Pedagogy, In effective Student Learning, Lack of Effective University-Industry Linkage, Lack of Effective Leadership and Administration, Insufficient Infrastructure and Input, Mis-usage of Resource, Overlooking the Purpose of Existence, Lack of Prioritization and etc. These all problems resulted in the increment of poorly qualified graduates and caused employability rate to averagely 60 percent.
To fix this problem, the government has laid down a plan to increase the level of employability rate from 60 percent to 80 percent with in the coming two years. To this end the government has introduced a new way of improving the level of output called Deliver-logy. The term was coined byMichael Barber, Tony Blair's special advisor, and defined as a systematic process for driving progress and delivering results in government and the public sector.
It was initiated and meant for shifting the concern and the focus from policy formulation to policy implementation. Previously 90 percent focus has been given for policy formulation; while, the implementation part takes only 10 percent. Thus, a system called Deliver logy orders and warns decision makers and implementers to give 90 % of focus to the implementation part; and 10 percent of focus for the formulation part. Besides, the system encourages the principle of 3 P's -Prioritizing, Planning and Practicing. In Ethiopia, with the lead from the Prim-Minster office, Minister of Education took the commitment of implementing Deliver-logy, to improve the quality of education with the special focus on Higher Education institutions.
Towards implementing the system in to the sector the ministry has organized workshops at different stages with different stakeholders. Through the workshops, the ministry indentified the end to be achieved and the strategies to be used to realize it. Consequently, the sector set a goal of producing qualified graduates, and increasing the employability rate from 60 percent to 80 percent. To this end the ministry indentified seven basic strategies; 1) Improving Teachers Assessment System 2) Improving Students Assessment System 3) Improving Internships Practices 4) English Language Enhancement 5) Strengthening Higher Diploma Program 6) Establishing Career Center 7) Conducting Tracer Studies.
Finally, to implement the strategies and achieve the goal set, the ministry set an independent structure and formed a unit called -Delivery Unit in all Universities, with Directorate level, under the supervision of the Presidents. With the same mission and structure, since August 2017, the office has been on its establishment in Dilla University, and many initial activities are on the way. And the Unit promises to update all the stakeholders about the progress of the system.
Moti Mosisa Gutema, Director for Delivery,